The Hijri or Islamic calendar's first month is called Muharram. Muharram is a time for introspection and repentance. It is believed to be the second holiest month following Ramadan and is one of four sacred months of the year during which violence is prohibited. Ashura is celebrated on the tenth of Muharram. Shi'a Muslims lament the sorrow that befell the family of Husain ibn Ali as a part of the Grief of Muharram. Decorate your home with beautiful Arabic calligraphy paintings on your walls this year to commemorate this festival.
Muslims prefer to hang Islamic wall paintings in their homes for positive vibes and spiritual beliefs. The Prophet Muhammad, according to Islam, referred to the month of Muharram as the "holy month of Allah." The first Muharram date this year was July 31 in India. This year, Ashura will take place from the evening of the 8th until the evening of the 9th. There are 13 fewer days in the Islamic calendar than in the Gregorian calendar since it is based on the phase of the moon. As a result, Ashura's date changes every year.
Muharram Festival

What is Muharram?

Muharram, the very first month of the Islamic calendar, is seen to be the second-most holy month in Islam after Ramadan. This is according to custom. Because it is regarded as sacred and has the name Muharram, means "forbidden," many Muslims utilize it as a time for prayer and meditation. During the sacred month of Muharram, fasting is customary among members of the community. As the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, Imam Hussain Ibn Ali was murdered during the Battle of Karbala, and Muharram also commemorates that event.
In remembrance of the tragedy, some people choose to fast on Ashura, the tenth day. Shia Muslims all across the world celebrate Muharram. Muharram commemorates this significant occasion in addition to the Prophet Muhammad's migration, known as the Hijrah, from Mecca to Medina. Muslims who are commemorating the event do so with great enthusiasm and mark it with great devotion.

When is Muharram 2022?

On August 9, 2022, the Day of Ashura or 10 Muharram is anticipated to occur (9th and 10th Muharram accordingly). However, depending on where you are and when you see the Moon in Muharram 1444, you may determine the precise date of Ashura or Muharram 2022.
What happens in Muharram and what is the story of Muharram?
The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, Imam Hussain, and his young son were ruthlessly murdered by a tyrannical and repressive king at the Battle of Karbala around fourteen centuries ago on the day of Ashura. Imam Hussain was killed during the war, but his followers still uphold his teachings of fairness, justice, and equality, thus that is his true triumph. The violent Battle of Karbala took place on the 10th of Muharram/Ashura, in the 61st year of the Islamic calendar. A tiny number of Imam Hussain, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, friends, and family members engaged in combat with Yazid I, the Umayyad caliph, and his considerably larger army.
Only his friends and relatives including women and young children made up Imam Hussain's little army. But a tens of thousands strong hostile force was encircling them. In the sweltering desert heat, they imprisoned Hussain and his crew and denied them food and water for three days in a row. Hussain and his son, who was six years old, were murdered mercilessly by the ruthless troops, who also kidnapped the ladies. Muslims observe a time of sorrow throughout the month of Muharram to honor the innocent lives that were sacrificed.

What is the significance of Muharram and why is Muharram celebrated?

Shia Muslims grieve the passing of Imam Hussein with his family on this day of mourning since the month of Muharram is particularly holy to the Muslim community. They honor their sacrifice by praying frequently and abstaining from any joyous events. Starting on the first day of Muharram, the time of mourning continues for 10 days, ending on the day of Imam Hussein's passing. They express their sorrow by dressing in black, abstaining from food, and Muharram fasting. On the tenth day, which is Ashura, they break their fast.
By tradition, some of them don't even break their fast until Zawal (afternoon), when they honor Imam Hussein by publicly whipping themselves with chains, cutting themselves with knives, and participating in somber processions. They grieve at the passing of Hussain, their leader who was also seen as Allah's representative, by participating in this terrible ritual. However, most mourners perform somber processions and lament loudly while shouting "Ya Hussain," which is a more nonviolent form of expression. On the tenth day of Muharram, Ashura also honors the occasion when Allah delivered Israel's children from Pharaoh.
When the Prophet Muhammad encountered the inhabitants of Madina in the year 622 CE, he learned from the Jews that they observed a fast on this day in remembrance of the way that Allah had delivered the Children of Israel from their enemy, the Pharaoh of Egypt, and that Prophet Musa (Moses) had also observed a fast as a token of his appreciation for Allah. Since then, Muhammad has urged his followers to fast for two days, on Ashura and the day before. Sunni Muslims observe a fast in memory of Muhammad, while Shia Muslims observe the day of Ashura to mourn the passing of Imam Hussein.

How is Muharram celebrated?

Muslims from both the Shia and Sunni faiths participate in the festival of Muharram. Shia Muslims, however, have a separate tradition for celebrating the Day of Ashura. Shia Muslims mark these 10 days of grief as Husayn ibn Ali's day of remembering. They participate in special prayer gatherings in mosques and other public locations while dressed in all black. In remembrance of Moses' triumph over Egypt's Pharaoh, Sunni Muslims fast for ten days during this time. It is thought that those who fast during this time would get rewards from Allah. Fasting at this time is optional.
As a Sunni Muslim, celebrating Muharram
Read the holy month-related texts. The 10th day of Muharram, also known as Ashura, marks the day Allah delivered the Israelites from the oppressive Egyptian Pharaoh and is celebrated by the majority of Sunni sects. Sunni Muslims should read the Quran on the days preceding Ashura to meditate on Allah's mercy to the Prophet Moses.
- The ninth and tenth of Muharram are days of fasting. The Prophet Muhammad commands Muslims to fast on the day before Ashura and on Ashura itself in the hadith. All Muslims were required to fast in the past, but after the advent of the Ramadan fast, this requirement was removed.
- Express thanks to Allah for freeing the Israelites. Allah extended to Moses an immeasurable amount of mercy during the Israelites' exodus from Egypt, an act of kindness for which we will never be able to properly atone. But before Ashura finishes, you can express your gratitude to Allah for His mercy and love by carrying out the following:
1. Perform the usual Nafl Salat prayers.
2. 1000 times recite Surah Al-Ikhlas.
3. Give the whole Dua E Ashura.
- Consider the Karbala Battle, which led to the split in Islam. Imam Husayn is not acknowledged by Sunnis as the legitimate heir of Caliph "Muawiyah" I. The Imam is not regarded by them as a leader who has been abandoned because of this. However, they do consider the Imam's passing and, more significantly, the strife that contributed to it and divided the faith.
As a Shia Muslim, observing Muharram
- Shia Muslims celebrate a period of mourning for the slain grandchild of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw), Imam Husayn ibn Ali, over the first ten days of Muharram (as). As a result, many Shiite leaders advise their followers to refrain from enjoying themselves in public and, if at all possible, to do it privately.
- Many Shiites dress entirely in black in the days before Ashura to symbolize their internal grief.
- A lot of Shia imams provide religious lectures called majalis throughout the nine days leading up to Ashura. These religious talks, which are equivalent to sermons, go into Muharram's background and contemporary significance.
- Many Shias demonstrate their devotion on the 10th of Muharram by reading spiritual verses or singing religious songs known as nohas. The Karbala War and Imam Husain's (as) martyrdom are the prominent topics of discussion in the majority of these nohas.
Since Ashura is a public holiday, in particular, many Shiites observe it by participating in parade-like public observances. The specifics of these celebrations vary by locale, but they frequently include flags, banners, decorations, and icons honoring Imam Husayn, for example, the horse Zuljanah and the Alam, which stands for Husayn's ancestors.
- A number of charity and community outreach initiatives have taken the place of the depressing Muharram customs in several Shia communities in recent years.

You can host a majlis, gathering to remember Ashura at your home, and hang black banners bearing the names of Imam Hussain (as), Abu Al Fadhl Abbas (as), and other revered figures. Green banners with wording such as 'Assalam aleyk ya Aba Abdillah Al Hussain' were also displayed. That sort of thing. However, the majority of the background is black fabric. You might also display Quranic passages or brief duas if you don't really have access to these unique Ashura banners. Even you can hang some Islamic paintings on your walls. eCraftIndia offers you a huge variety of wall paintings online like Kaba paintings.