Discover the Rich Heritage and Culture of New DelhiNew Delhi History
New Delhi is the capital city of India and is located in the northern part of the country. The history of New Delhi dates back to the early 20th century when the British decided to move the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi. In 1911, King George V and Queen Mary visited India and the decision to move the capital to Delhi was announced during their visit. The reason for the move was to establish a new center of power in the country that would be more centrally located and easily accessible.
The British architect Edwin Lutyens was commissioned to design the new city, and he worked closely with Indian architects and planners to create a unique blend of British and Indian architectural styles. The construction of New Delhi began in 1912 and was completed in 1927. India's capital, New Delhi, was formally established on February 13th, 1931. The city was designed to be a symbol of British power in India, with grand buildings and wide boulevards. However, after India gained independence in 1947, New Delhi became the capital of the newly formed Republic of India.
Since then, New Delhi has played an important role in the political, cultural, and economic life of India. It is home to many government offices, museums, galleries, and cultural institutions, as well as being a center of education, technology, and commerce. Today, New Delhi is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world, and it continues to be an important center of power and influence in India and the wider region.
New Delhi Traditions
New Delhi, being the capital city of India, is home to people from various parts of the country and thus has a blend of different traditions and cultures. Some of the traditions that are commonly practiced in New Delhi are:
Religious Sites: New Delhi has many religious sites, including temples, mosques, gurudwaras, and churches. These sites are an essential part of the city's culture and tradition, and many people visit them to seek blessings and offer prayers.
Sports: New Delhi has a long tradition of sports, and games such as cricket, football, and hockey are popular among the people. The city also hosts many international sporting events, such as the Commonwealth Games and the Indian Premier League.
Education: Education is highly valued in Delhi, and the city is home to some of the top educational institutions in India, such as Delhi University and Jawaharlal Nehru University. Many students from all over India and other countries come to Delhi to pursue higher education.
Family Values: Family values are an essential part of Delhi's culture, and families often live in joint families. Respect for elders and care for family members are highly valued.
Hospitality: Delhi is known for its hospitality, and guests are treated with great respect and warmth. It is a tradition in Delhi to offer food and drinks to guests as a sign of hospitality.
Clothing: Traditional clothing, such as sarees, salwar kameez, and lehenga cholis, are commonly worn by women, while men wear kurta pajamas and dhoti kurtas. However, due to the cosmopolitan nature of the city, western wear is also popular.
Music and Dance: New Delhi has a rich tradition of classical music and dance. Classical dance forms such as Kathak, Bharatanatyam, and Odissi, are practiced and performed in the city. Another well-liked genre is Bollywood music and dancing.
These are some of the traditions that are commonly practiced in New Delhi, but the city is diverse, and many other traditions and cultures are also present.
New Delhi Languages
The official language of New Delhi, as well as the rest of India, is Hindi. However, English is also widely spoken and serves as the language of business, government, and education. Apart from Hindi and English, there are many other languages spoken in New Delhi, including:
Punjabi: Punjabi is the second most widely spoken language in Delhi, especially in the western parts of the city.
Urdu: Urdu is also spoken widely in Delhi, especially in the old city area and among the Muslim community.
Bengali: Bengali is spoken by a significant number of people in Delhi, especially in the eastern parts of the city.
Tamil: Tamil is spoken by a sizable population of people from southern India who have migrated to Delhi.
Telugu: Telugu is spoken by people from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana who have migrated to Delhi.
Marathi: Marathi is spoken by people from Maharashtra who have migrated to Delhi.
Gujarati: Gujarati is spoken by people from Gujarat who have migrated to Delhi.
Kannada: Kannada is spoken by people from Karnataka who have migrated to Delhi.
These are some of the languages spoken in New Delhi, reflecting the city's diverse population and cultural heritage.
New Delhi Cuisine
New Delhi is famous for its diverse and delicious cuisine, which is a blend of different regional flavors and influences. Here are some of the popular dishes of New Delhi:
Butter Chicken: This is a famous dish that originated in Delhi, made with tender chicken pieces cooked in a rich tomato-based gravy, flavored with aromatic spices and finished with cream and butter.
Chole Bhature: This is a popular street food of Delhi, made with spiced chickpeas (chole) and fluffy fried bread (bhature).
Paratha: Paratha is a flatbread made with wheat flour, stuffed with various fillings such as potato, paneer, and cauliflower. It is usually served with yogurt or pickles.
Chaat: Chaat is a popular snack that is served on the streets of Delhi. It is a mix of crispy fried dough (papdi), boiled potatoes, chickpeas, yogurt, chutney, and spices.
Biryani: Biryani is a popular rice dish made with long-grain rice, tender meat, and aromatic spices. It is served with raita and salad.
Kebabs: Delhi is famous for its succulent and flavorful kebabs, which are made with marinated meat, cooked on skewers, and served with mint chutney and onions.
Rajma Chawal: Rajma Chawal is a comfort food for many Delhiites. It is a simple yet delicious dish made with kidney beans cooked in a spicy tomato-based gravy, served with steamed rice.
Kulfi: Kulfi is a traditional Indian ice cream that is very popular in Delhi. It is made with thickened milk, flavored with cardamom, saffron, and pistachios.
These are some of the popular dishes of New Delhi, but the city has a lot more to offer when it comes to food.
New Delhi Art & Culture
New Delhi has a rich and vibrant art and culture scene, influenced by its historical and cultural heritage. Here are some aspects of New Delhi's art and culture:
Museums and Art Galleries: New Delhi is home to many museums and art galleries that showcase the city's rich history and art. The National Museum, National Gallery of Modern Art, and the Kiran Nadar Museum of Art are some of the popular ones.
Art and Craft: New Delhi is home to many traditional artisans and craftsmen who create beautiful handicrafts, such as pottery, woodwork, embroidery, and paintings. Many of these traditional art forms are passed down from one generation to the next.
Performing Arts: Delhi has a thriving performing arts scene, with many theaters and auditoriums hosting a variety of shows, including plays, music concerts, dance performances, and more. The India Habitat Center, Kamani Auditorium, and Siri Fort Auditorium are some of the popular venues.
Handicrafts: New Delhi is home to many traditional artisans and craftsmen who create beautiful handicrafts, such as pottery, woodwork, embroidery, and paintings. Many of these traditional art forms are passed down from one generation to the next.
Historical Monuments: Delhi is home to many historical monuments and landmarks that showcase the city's rich history and culture. The Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and Humayun's Tomb are some of the popular ones.
Weddings: Weddings are a grand affair in Delhi, and many traditional rituals and customs are followed. The wedding ceremony usually takes place in a banquet hall or a marriage garden, and traditional food and music are an essential part of the celebration.
These are some of the aspects of New Delhi's art and culture scene. The city has a lot more to offer, and it's worth exploring to experience its rich and diverse culture.
New Delhi Facts
New Delhi is the capital city of India and was designed by British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker.
The city is located in the northern part of India and has a population of over 21 million people.
New Delhi is one of the greenest cities in the world, with over 20% of its area covered with greenery and forest.
Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport is the busiest airport in India and South Asia, with over 70 million passengers passing through it each year.
New Delhi is home to many historical monuments, including the iconic Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and Humayun's Tomb, which are UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Delhi is known for its street food, which includes delicious dishes like chaat, parathas, and kebabs.
The Delhi Metro is one of the most extensive and efficient metro networks in the world, with over 200 stations and 390 kilometers of track.
Delhi is also known for its educational institutions, including the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), Indian Institutes of Management (IIM), and Delhi University.
New Delhi is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world and is a major center for commerce, technology, and culture.
The Lotus Temple, located in New Delhi, is a famous architectural masterpiece and is known for its stunning lotus-shaped design.
FAQs (FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS)What is the best time to visit New Delhi?
The best time to visit New Delhi is between October and March when the weather is mild and pleasant. The city experiences a lot of festivals and events during this time.
What are some of the best places to shop for Indian handicrafts in New Delhi?
Some of the best places to shop for Indian handicrafts in New Delhi are Dilli Haat, Central Cottage Industries Emporium, Janpath, and Connaught Place.
What are some of the popular showpieces for living rooms in New Delhi?
Some popular showpieces for living rooms in New Delhi include Radha Krishna idols, elephant figurines, wooden vases, and Rajasthani puppets.
What are some of the best places to experience the art and culture of New Delhi?
Some of the best places to experience the art and culture of New Delhi are the National Museum, the Crafts Museum, the National Gallery of Modern Art, and the Dilli Haat.
Where can I find traditional Indian clothing in New Delhi?
You can find traditional Indian clothing in markets such as Chandni Chowk, Sarojini Nagar, and Lajpat Nagar. There are also many designer boutiques and malls that offer traditional Indian clothing.
In conclusion, New Delhi is a city that never fails to amaze and enchant its visitors with its rich history, diverse culture, and vibrant traditions. We have explored the city's fascinating past, its bustling present, and its promising future. We have also delved into the many languages spoken in the city, the tantalizing cuisine, and the beautiful art and handicrafts that reflect the city's rich cultural heritage. From the majestic historical monuments to the colorful festivals, New Delhi has something for everyone. We have also explored some of the city's famous art forms, such as wall paintings and abstract paintings, and some of the best gift items available online, such as Radha Krishna idols and God idols. New Delhi is a city that embraces diversity and celebrates its rich cultural heritage, making it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in experiencing the beauty of India. So, pack your bags and head to New Delhi to explore the wonders of this magnificent city.